What is the Universal Declaration of Human
It is an international document that states the basic rights and fundamental freedoms to which all human beings are entitled.
It was adopted
in 1948 by the UN, the United Nations organization, just after the Second World
the horrors of war, the countries of the world wanted to put down on paper
basic human rights.
of 1948 is inspired from former texts from several countries. For example, the
1789 French Declaration of human and citizens’ rights.
It comprises 30
articles defining the rights of all humans.
The first: “All
human beings are born equal in dignity and rights.”
protects human beings from injustice, and also slavery and torture.
Each person has
the right to freedom of movement outside their own country and to express an
opinion on any subject while respecting others. That’s freedom of speech.
Each of us has
the right to go to school, to have a job and access to healthcare.
states that the governments of each country must do everything to ensure these
rights are possible and respected.
Declaration is not obligatory: it’s not a treaty signed by countries.
That is why it is important to uphold human rights everywhere.
declaration of human rights is an ideal that nations and peoples have a moral
commitment to aim for.